Testicular Cancer

What is testicular cancer?

Testicular cancer or testicular cancer is the most common type of cancer affects young men between the ages of 15 and 35 years. Even so, it can strike at any age group. Testicular cancer is usually detected either by accident or through self-examination. Testicular cancer starts in the testicles. It usually develops in one or both testis in young man although it can occur at any age. Actually testicles have 2 main function there are make male hormones (androgens) such as testosterone and make sperm, the male cells needed to fertilize a female egg cell to start a pregnancy.

What is the risk factor of testicular cancer?

A Risk factor is anything that changes your chance of getting a disease such as cancer. There are several factors that can cause the testis cancer.

    • Undescendent Testicle

The main risk factor of testicle cancer is undescended testicle and also can called cryptorcidism. This means one or both testicles fail to move from the abdomen (belly) into the scrotum before birth. The man with this factor is increase possibility to get testis cancer rather than normal descended testicles.

    • Family History

If a man has the disease, there is an increased risk that one or more of his brothers or sons will also develop it. But only a small number of testicular cancers occur in family.

    • HIV Infection

Man with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), particularly those with AIDS will increase the risk.

    • Age

Most of testicular cancer case occurs in men between the ages of 20 and 34. But this cancer can affect males of many ages, including infant and elderly men.

    • Race and Ethnicity

The risk of testicular cancer among white men is about 4 to 5 times that of black men and more than 3 times that of Asian-American men.  The risk of developing this disease is highest among men living in the United States and Europe and lowest among men living in Africa or Asia.


What are the types of testicular cancer?

There are two types of testicular cancer that is Seminomas and non-seminomas.

    • Seminomas

These types of testicular cancer occur most frequently in men between their late 30s and early 50s. Seminomas is that they are slower-growing than non-seminomas. Other than that, seminomas are easier to treat than non-seminomas. For those men with seminomas testis cancer can cure with surgery and very low doses of radiation. Seminomas are highly sensitive to radiation.

    • Non-seminomas

Other germ cell tumors are classified as non-seminomas. Four types of non-seminomas are embryonal carcinoma, yolk sac carcinoma, choriocarcinomas and teratomas. This non-seminomas cancer is growth faster than seminomas and more difficult to treat. Doctor can know the types of non-seminomal through blood test.


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